Programme Curriculum

Critical Thinking, Logic, and Epistemology

⦁ Introduction and Meaning, Structure of an Argument.
⦁ The Nature of an Argument and Sentential Logic
⦁ Deduction and Induction
⦁ Deduction, Validity, and Truth
⦁ Principles of the Uniformity of Nature (PUN), Charity, and Unintelligibility, Scientific Logic, Karl Popper, and the Paradox of confirmation
⦁ Fallacies

Part 2 Epistemology

⦁ The Value of Knowledge. What is Knowledge?
⦁ Types of Knowledge, Scientific, Religious and Moral
⦁ Agrippa’s Trilemma and the Gettier Problem
⦁ Epistemic Virtue
⦁ Truth and Objectivity
⦁ The Application of Knowledge to Politics
⦁ Socratic Thinking as a Social Practice.

Social Anthropology and Culture Matters

⦁ Context and Perspective
⦁ Kinship as Descent
⦁ The Social Person, Personhood, and Society
⦁ Witchcraft, Religion, and Science: Making Sense of the World
⦁ Gender, Age, Rites of Passage
⦁ Gift Exchange
⦁ Caste, Class
⦁ Local Organizations, Production, Technology, Capitalism
⦁ Ethnicity and Race
⦁ Minorities, Nationalism, Globalization
⦁ Cultural Intelligence, Society, and the individual, What Role Does Culture Play in Development?
⦁ Culture Matters and the Behavioural Value System in Africa. The Effect of Cultural Values on Economic Development. Case Study: Creating Modern China – The Republican Period to the Present.

Moral (Ethics) and Political Philosophy

⦁ Introduction to Moral Philosophy and the Preconditions of Ethical Reasoning
⦁ Cultural Relativism, Freedom, Knowledge and Society, Freewill and determinism
⦁ The Ethics of Hume, Non-Cognitivism, Reason, and Passions
⦁ Utilitarianism, Bentham, and Mill
⦁ Deontology, Immanuel Kant
⦁ Virtue Ethics, Values and Character

Part 2 Political Philosophy

⦁ Politics, Philosophy, Political Philosophy, and the State of Nature
⦁ Justification for the State of Nature
⦁ Plato Against Democracy
⦁ Defending Democracy, Mills and Liberty
⦁ Private Property
⦁ Rawls Theory of Justice
⦁ Feminism, the New Role, and Rights of the 21st Century Woman.

Social Anthropology and Culture Matters

⦁ Context and Perspective
⦁ Kinship as Descent
⦁ The Social Person, Personhood, and Society
⦁ Witchcraft, Religion, and Science: Making Sense of the World
⦁ Gender, Age, Rites of Passage
⦁ Gift Exchange
⦁ Caste, Class
⦁ Local Organizations, Production, Technology, Capitalism
⦁ Ethnicity and Race
⦁ Minorities, Nationalism, Globalization
⦁ Cultural Intelligence, Society, and the individual, What Role Does Culture Play in Development?
⦁ Culture Matters and the Behavioural Value System in Africa. The Effect of Cultural Values on Economic Development. Case Study: Creating Modern China – The Republican Period to the Present.

Public Policy Economics and Evidenced-Informed Policy Delivery

⦁ The Aims of Public Policy, Economic Policy, Market and Government failures
⦁ Measuring Social Welfare vs Growth, Dashboard approaches, Distribution, and Inequality
⦁ Market Theory and failures, Limits of Market Solutions, Congestion Externalities, Tackling Externalities
⦁ State Ownership vs Privatization and Regulation, Regulating Privileged Industries
⦁ Industrial Policy, Strategic Innovation Policy, Governments Roles in the Internet and World Wide Web.
⦁ Social Choice and Industrial Choice, Institutional Approaches, Public Sector Reform and Public Sector Motivation.
⦁ Government Failure, Regulatory Failure, Unintended Consequences, Corruption, and Elephant Project and other Project Disasters
⦁ Evaluating Public Policies, Benefit-Cost Analysis, Public Value, Humility and Complexity
⦁ Evidence-Informed Policymaking, Opportunities, and Challenges, what’s wrong with what works? Merging Research with Policy
⦁ The Politics of Evidence, Political Interests, and Bias, technical and interpretational bias, unconscious bias, the pursuit of political interest
⦁ The Cognitive Political Origins of Bias, Origins of Bias, Heuristics, Motivated Reasoning
⦁ The Good Use of Evidence for Policy, Substituting Hierarchies for Appropriate Evidence, Research Evidence, and Effect of Evidence, Legitimacy of Evidence, Conclusion.

Concluding Model (PSPC Students)

⦁ The Business of Winning Elections
⦁ Campaign Strategy, Activism, Speaking Publicly, and Social Media Power
⦁ E-Governance, E-Democracy, Data and Information Gathering
⦁ The E-Party Ideology, Constitution, and Manifesto
⦁ The First Five Year Plan of Party and Nation
⦁ Resource Allocation and Management (Human and Non-Human)

Macroeconomic (PSPC Students)

⦁ How to Organize Economies: An Overview of Economic Systems, Useful Tools and Concepts, the Four Essential Economic Activities, Choice in a World of Scarcity

⦁ Supply and Demand: Markets and Macroeconomics, the Theory of Supply, Demand and Market Adjustments, Equilibrium, the Four-Step Process

⦁ Measuring the Size of the Economy: Gross Domestic Product, How Well GDP measures the Well-Being of Society, Comparing GDP among Countries, Measuring Household Production, Measuring Economic Well-Being, Understanding Aggregate Behaviour.

⦁ Employment and Unemployment: Measuring Employment and Unemployment, Various of Theories of Unemployment, Patterns of Unemployment, what Causes Changes in Unemployment Over the Short-Term Run or Over the Long-Term Run?

⦁ Aggregate Demand and Economic Fluctuations: The Business Cycle, Aggregate Demand, the Keynesian Model, Inflation, the Confusion over Inflation.
⦁ Fiscal Policy: The Role of Government Spending and Taxes, Budgets, Deficits, and Policy Issues, Using Fiscal Policy to Fight Recession, the Question of Balanced Budgets.

⦁ Monetary Policy: The theory of Money, Prices, Inflation, Deflation, Stagnation, Currency Devaluation, Complications with Monetary Policy and Controversies, the role of Banks and the Central Bank, How Banks create Money, How Central Banks Execute Monetary Policy.

⦁ The Aggregate Demand / Aggregate Supply Model and Inflation. Inflation and Aggregate Demand Equilibrium, Shifts in Aggregate Demand, Shifts in Aggregate Supply, How the AD/AS Model incorporates Growth, Unemployment, and Inflation.

⦁ Varying Perspectives: the Keynesian Perspective, the Neoclassical Perspective, the Traditional Economics Perspective, Friedrich Hayek and the Austrian School of Economics, Say’s Law.

⦁ Behavioural Economics: The Nature of Behavioural Economics as a Discipline, Core principles, Decision making by Human Agents, Values, Preferences, Choice, Belief, Heuristics and Biases, Behavioural Game Theory,

⦁ Complexity Economics: Introduction to the Theory of Complexity Economics, Nonlinear Economics, Feedback Loops, Non-Equilibrium Patterns, Network Theory, Complex Adaptive Systems Theory, Fitness Landscape, Why Does Economics Need this Different Approach? Can Complexity Economics Save the World?

Microeconomics (PSEC Route Only)

⦁ Market Institutions: Types of markets, Development, and Expansion of Markets.

⦁ Supply and Demand: The theory of Supply and Demand, Market Adjustments.

⦁ Working with Supply and Demand: Income, Price, Buyer Behaviour, the Price Elasticity of Demand and Supply.

⦁ Production Costs: The Process and Function of Production, Economic Costs.

⦁ Product Decisions: Marginal Thinking, Discrete Decision-Making, Competition Equilibrium.

⦁ Perfect Competition: Understanding Market Power and Competition, Deadweight Loss

⦁ Markets for Labour: Labour Supply, Explaining Variation in Wages

⦁ Market Failure and Government Policy: Social Policy, Urban Policy, Regional Policy, Economics of the Environment, Pollution.

⦁ Monopoly: Monopolistic Competition, Oligopoly, anti-trust Policy, Corporate Mergers, Regulation.

⦁ Positive Externalities and Public Goods: How Governments can Encourage Innovation.

⦁ Poverty and Economic Inequality: The Poverty Trap, the Safety Net, how businesses raise Financial Capital, How to Accumulate Personal Wealth.

Concluding Model for PSEC

⦁ Breaking with the Past: Patterns of Uncompetitive Behaviour
⦁ Exploring Business Strategy for Growth in a Developing World
⦁ How to Harness Innovation and Creativity
⦁ What Does it Mean to be an Entrepreneur?
⦁ How Can We Assess the Health of Our Collaboration Network?
⦁ The New Business Road Test

Course Book and Study Materials

All compulsory course books and study materials for academic study are included in your course fees. Students are encouraged in their research to go beyond our provision and use only material that is more current in relevance to what we have provided.

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